10 Fast Growing Vegetables 2020
Everyone loves growing a garden where they can harvest their own fresh vegetables…BUT does it have to take so long? Tomatoes and peppers can take 3 months to harvest
Typically leafy vegetables and herbs are the fast growers while fruit bearing plants take more time. Watermelons take 80 days.
Vegetable Growing Tips
If you plan and plant vegetables early, like before Spring, you can get a jump start on the growing season. Another tip is to buy seedlings instead of planting from seeds. Planting seeds takes up 2 weeks of your season.
You can start seeds indoors in February or March. This will give you a jump start on the growing season.
Let’s see what we can grow and harvest in less time.
Arugula [30 days]
Arugula can be ready to harvest in 3-4 weeks from planting. Plant the seed in a good organic soil and cover. Now cover the area with a thin layer of mulch to keep in moisture. Seeds need to stay moist in order to germinate. Now water regularly to maintain moisture levels. The seeds will sprout in 7-14 days.
Arugula has very shallow roots and can be planted in small garden pots or box gardens. It grows best in rich organic soils like commercial garden soil and/or compost. it does very well in full sun or part shade locations.
Arugula will be ready to harvest in as little as 3 weeks. Cut off the leaves when you’re ready to harvest. Baby leaves taste much sweeter than more mature leaves. Arugula is like a leaf lettuce but with a somewhat spicy flavor. It can be used as a substitute for basil.
Bok Choy [45-60 days]
Bok Choy is a type of Chinese cabbage and grows pretty fast. Bok Choy can be ready for harvesting in 45-60 days.
There are 2 varieties, Baby Bok Choy and standard Bok Choy. Baby Bok Choy grows to about 10 inches tall while standard Bok Choy will grow to 12 to 24 inches tall.
Plant Bok Choy seeds in fertile soil like compost, composted manures and commercial garden soil and cover with a thin layer of mulch to retain moisture. Water regularly for 7-14 days until sprouts appear. Then water 1 or 2 days after the soil is dry. Bok Choy likes shady locations.
Broccoli Rabe [50-60 days]
Broccoli Rabe can be ready to harvest in 50-60 days.Harvest the clusters as soon as they appear because they will flower quickly.
Broccoli Rabe resembles Broccoli but it is actually related to the turnip family. Broccoli Rabe has a slightly bitter taste. It’s a great addition to any salad or stir fry. The leaves and stem are also edible and are best when young.
Choose a sunny location for Plant Broccoli Rabe. Plant seeds in fertile soil like compost or garden soil and water daily for 7-14 days. After they sprout, water only after the soil has become dry for a day or two. Don’t over water.
Cress [14 days]
Cress can be ready to harvest in as little as 2 weeks. Seeds germinate in 2 days or so.
Cress is a popular green for salads and can be used as a spicy herb in other recipes. Harvest the leaves when they reach about 2 inches in size.
Cress is best grown indoors and in shallow trays lined with paper towels. Sprinkle the tiny seeds on the wet paper towels and cover to retain moisture. Cress does not need soil.
The seeds will germinate in 2 or 3 days. If grown outdoors, Cress make become too spicy in summer months. It does well in full sunlight or partial shade.
Kale [30-40 days]
Kale can be harvested in about 30-40 days when using transplants or 55-75 days when starting from seeds. It’s worth the wait.
Kale is popular in salads, soups and stir-fries. It’s a great green food and full of nutrition. It’s at its best when it matures in cooler weather. Harvest the outer leaves first.
Kale will grow in just about anything with rich soil like planter pots, containers, box gardens, etc. Fertile soil is a must and compost and/or garden soil work best. Kale can be grown year round as it is very cold weather tolerant.
Kale needs plenty of water. Lack of water will make it bitter. Water after the soil starts to dry. Kale does well in direct sunlight and partial shade.
Mustard Greens [30 days]
Mustard Greens are ready to harvest in about 4 weeks. They grow very fast. They can be grown from seeds easily.
Mustard Greens are a great green that can be enjoyed in salads or in sandwiches. It has a nice spicy flavor. You can also steam them or braise them and stir-fried too. They have a distinct flavor that is unforgettable.
Plant Mustard Green seeds in a fertile, organic soil like compost or a commercial garden soil. The seeds quickly sprout in 5-7 days and grow quickly. Mustard Greens prefer cooler weather and will stop producing leaves in the heat of summer. Stick with fall or early spring for planting.
Radishes [21 days]
Radishes grow very fast and are easy to care for. They are ready for harvest in 3 weeks after planting. They are ideal for new gardeners.
Radishes are delicious raw or in salads. I love picking them, rinsing and eating right out of the garden. They are on the “warm” side of spiciness. They’re not too hot but not plain either.
Sprinkle radish seeds wherever you want they to grow and then water regularly. Radishes need good, fertile and soft soil for their roots to grow in. Hard compacted soils will stunt growth. Compost and/or commercial garden soil work well. Radishes like full sun locations.
Turnips [35 days]
Turnips can be harvested in a fast as 5 weeks or as long as 2 months depending on the size of the root you want. Leaves and roots both can be eaten.
Turnips are tasty additions to any soup or salad. They are nutritious and have a unique flavor. My mom used to always add turnips to her beef stew and beef pot-pie. Turnips take a while to cook and are great for slow cooker recipes like stews. Harvest turnips when the roots are about 2-3 inches in circumference.
Turnips easily start from seeds in just about any soil type like sandy, loamy or acidic to neutral pH. They are not picky.at all and grow fast and without much attention….just water. Seed sprout in about 5-10 days.
Spinach [30 days]
Spinach can be ready for harvest in as little as 30 days. Harvest as soon as the rosette has 5 or 6 leaves.
Spinach is great in salads, soups and on sandwiches. It’s a great “super food” with tons of nutrition and is actually the most nutritious food you can eat. I love steamed spinach as a side dish with lunches. I also put it on sandwiches in place of lettuce.
Spinach starts easily from seeds dumped in soil and watered. Yes, it’s that easy to grow spinach. Of course, fertile soil will grow the biggest and best tasting spinach. Spinach prefers cool weather like early spring or fall.
Leaf Lettuce [30 days]
Leaf lettuce can be harvested in 30 days from seeds. The leaves will grow quite rapidly when water is prevalent
Lettuce is the salad staple and is also great on sandwiches and subs. The green or more colorful varieties are more nutritious than the pale or white colored. Color is good. There is nothing like picking lettuce from the garden and then making a salad with it in the same day. Now that’s fresh.
Lettuce starts easily from seed. Sprinkle seeds on fertile soil and water. Lettuce seeds will sprout in 5-10 days. Composted soils work best with lettuce or any vegetable. Lettuce will do well in sunny locations or in partial shade.