What is Garden Soil?

What is garden soil?

Garden soil is any kind of growing media for plants. It can be composed of lots of different materials or just one material. It depends on what you would like to grow in your garden.

Here is a list of some common materials used to make garden soil.

  • Sand
  • Clay
  • Yard compost
  • Manure compost
  • Mulch
  • Worm Castings
  • Peat Moss
  • Coconut Coir
  • Bat guano
  • Kelp Meal and/or fish emulsion
  • Coffee grounds

You can mix any of these materials to make a good garden soil. Some of them are fertilizers and/or water management. Peat moss and coconut coir are water management enhancers and soil texture modifiers. If you have dry soil or are in a dry climate, peat moss and coconut coir are essential. All of the various types of compost are fertilizers plus water management. Mulch is also a very good water manager and weed control. Kelp meal, bone meal, blood meal and fish emulsions are fertilizers and soil enhancers. Coffee grounds are awesome for soil amendment. You can use it as a fertilizer or mulch.

Here is a top notch soil mixture for dry climates where the soil is mostly clay or dry sand.

  • 25% Coconut Coir
  • 25% native soil loosened or tilled
  • 50% compost – manure or yard (Black Kow manure at Lowes and Home Depot is excellent)
  • Add a small (2-3 cups) amount of worm castings, bat guano, kelp meal or fish emulsion (liquid – mix as directed)
  • Light dusting of Azomite – 60+ mineral supplement
  • 2″ layer of mulch


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