High Nitrogen Fertilizer [2020]

High Nitrogen Fertilizer 2020

High nitrogen fertilizers can make your lawn green and lush or spur growth in your vegetable garden overnight. Nitrogen is responsible for foliage or leaf growth and extra nitrogen will boost cellular synthesis to new heights. It’s like steroids for plants.

Let’s look at some of the higher nitrogen fertilizers.

Urea Fertilizer 46-0-0

Urea fertilizer is based on animal urine but is actually manufactured in a lab where carbon dioxide is reacted with anhydrous ammonia. It is extremely high in nitrogen, at 46%. It has recently replaced Ammonium Nitrate as a widely used and effective nitrogen fertilizer. There is significantly more nitrogen in urea than ammonium nitrate with a NPK of 46-0-0.

Urea is a very inexpensive and effective nitrogen fertilizer. Urea fertilizer comes in granules or prills for easy applications. It can be stored anywhere and is not flammable. It is widely available and sold by the pound.

Urea fertilizer is also available in liquid form.

Urea undergoes a chemical reaction when applied to the top of soil and exposed to moisture. Urea changes into ammonium bicarbonate. The ammonium will then be converted to a gas. Since the ammonium gas contains large amounts of nitrogen, we don’t want the gas to escape into the air. So the best practice is to mix or till the urea fertilizer into the soil to capture the ammonium gas. It’s also recommended to water liberally to push the urea into the soil. Urea fertilizer is highly water soluble and will make nitrogen available to plant roots immediately.

Grass and leafy plants can benefit from Urea fertilizers. It is widely used on lawns and golf courses. Vegetables like lettuce, corn, kale, cabbage, herbs, flowers, sunflowers, spinach, celery and bok choy will benefit from urea. Root plants like beets and radishes and carrots need more phosphorus than nitrogen.

Slow release urea is often made for lawns, golf courses and parks as a long term fertilizer.

Phosagro offers urea fertilizer and ammonium nitrate.

So, people want to know if you can use human pee to fertilize with?

Yes, you can, but you have to dilute it with water. It’s too concentrated and will burn plants. You can dilute it with water in a 20:1 ratio and then water plants with it. It’s free and it bio sustainable.

Human pee has a NPK value of about 11-1-2. It’s pretty high in nitrogen.

Sulfur-Coated Urea 38-0-0

Sulfur-coated urea is a urea fertilizer with a coating to slow down the release of nitrogen into the soil. The sulfur repels water. This allows you to apply more and not harm plants plus provide nitrogen over several months. It’s very effective.

Sulfur coated urea is a very popular fertilizer for grass and lawns. It will feed a lawn for several months.

Here are some other slow release forms of urea.

  • Polymer Coated Urea
  • Polymer Coated Sulfur Coated Urea
  • Reacted Slow Release Nitrogen – methylene urea and urea-formaldehyde
  • Stabilized Nitrogen Technology – Urease inhibitors

Ammonium Nitrate 34-0-0

Ammonium nitrate is a superb nitrogen fertilizer and was the number 1 fertilizer used by farmers. It is 34% nitrogen and highly water soluble. It will increase the growth rate and size of leafy plants. It is a very popular corn fertilizer.

Ammonium nitrate has a NPK value of 34-0-0. It’s all nitrogen. Ammonium nitrate has one advantage over urea. It is more stable and does not loose nitrogen to the atmosphere like urea. But it is flammable.

Ammonium nitrate has 2 sources of nitrogen, ammonia and nitrate. Each provides nitrogen that is readily available to plants via their root system. It’s a very effective fertilizer and is commonly used in hay fields and pastures.

Even though ammonium nitrate is explosive, it can be made stable with additives like sulfur and calcium.

I wrote this in-depth post on ammonium nitrate.

Ammonium Sulfate 21-0-0

Ammonium sulfate contains 21% nitrogen and has a NPK value of 21-0-0. It is very rich in nitrogen. Since is contains ammonium, it is an excellent fertilizer for alkaline soils. The ammonium ion that is released in the soil turns into an acid and thus reduces the alkalinity of the soil. The sulfur additive makes the compound slow releasing over many weeks or even months.

Ammonium sulfate is white to brown crystals with excellent storage properties. It is highly water soluble and has nitrogen from 2 molecules, ammonium and nitrate, similar to ammonium nitrate. This provides rich nutrition to plants but not as much nitrogen as urea or ammonium nitrate. It is a good choice for lawns and gardens.

Ammonium sulfate provides much needed nitrogen and conditions the soil by reducing alkalinity. It kills 2 birds with one stone. Sulfur is also used by plants to remain healthy.

Ammonium sulfate costs about $3/lb. It’s very cheap. American Plant Food Corporation makes ammonium sulfate fertilizers. 

20-10-10 Fertilizer

20-10-10 fertilizers are classified as complete fertilizers because they contain all 3 vital nutrients that plants need to exist. It contains 20% nitrogen, 10% phosphorus and 10% potassium. This is a high nitrogen fertilizer and will promote foliage growth and increase plant size. Because it also contains phosphorus and potassium, it will promote root development and plant health. It is well balanced.

20-10-10 is a great fertilizer for vegetable and flower gardens as well as for lawns too.

It is recommended to fertilize during the growth phase of plants and then again during production of flowers or fruit. You can till in 20-10-10 into the soil before planting to provide nutrients for the upcoming seedlings and young plants. Then fertilize again every 4-6 weeks to support growth and fruit. Remember larger plants require more nitrogen.

You can apply 20-10-10 as a granule on the soil and then till or dissolve in a bucket of water and then water the plants.

Always following directions on the fertilizer bag or use very sparingly. Too much can harm plants.

20-10-10 fertilizer is available at most nurseries and home improvement stores. It costs about $2/lb.

Calcium Nitrate 15-0-0

Calcium nitrate is a high nitrogen fertilizer for increased foliage growth and overall plant size plus calcium to promote a strong immune system in plants.

Calcium nitrate is produced by introducing nitric acid to limestone and then adding ammonia. It is a double salt compound and looks just like salt.

The calcium helps neutralize acid and detoxify plants. Heat and stress can cause calcium deficiencies in plants like tomatoes, peppers and apples. So calcium nitrate is a must have for these types of crops.

It is best to mix calcium nitrate into the soil and then water. Try to keep it off of the leaves and stems of plants. It can also be used as a foliar spray. Mix 1 cup with 25 gallons of water and spray foliage after a good watering.

Potassium Nitrate 13-0-44

Potassium nitrate is another high nitrogen fertilizer with added potassium for crops that have high potassium requirements like orchards. Citrus and apple trees can use more potassium than nitrogen. The nitrate provides an easy to absorb nitrogen nutrient that does not require any microbial or soil action. This can boost quality and yield. So you get big beautiful fruit and lots of it.

Potassium nitrate is often applied before the growing season or during the growing season. It can also be diluted in water and used as a foliage spray during fruit development

Blood Meal 13-1-1

Blood meal is dried animal blood, usually cow from meat packing companies. Blood meal is a high nitrogen fertilizer and contains 13% nitrogen plus 1% phosphorus and 1% potassium. It is a complete fertilizer and provides the 3 vital nutrients that plants require to survive.

Adding blood meal to your garden will make vegetables and flower boxes transform into a lush, tropical garden. Growth rate and plant size will both increase dramatically. The color of leaves will change from light yellowish-green to dark emerald green. The transformation is striking.

Blood meal can also help lower the pH of your soil. It will become more acid, which most plants prefer. I recommend mixing the blood meal into the soil.

Blood meal can be found at most nurseries and home improvement stores and of course online. Espoma Organic Blood Meal at Home Depot costs $11.00 for a 3 lb bag.

Bat Guano 10-3-1

Bat guano is basically bat manure. But it’s only from fruit and insect eating bats. It is used as a soil conditioner and fertilizer. It is high in nitrogen at 10%. It also contains 3% phosphorus and 1% potassium. You use it the same way you use steer manure or horse manure. It can be used as a top dressing or mixed into the soil as an amendment.

Bat guano will encourage rapid plant growth and increased foliage that is super dark green. It will also aid with root and flower development and overall plant health.

Bat guano is a little hard to find in brick and mortar stores like Lowes and Home Depot but is easy to buy online. Espoma Bat Guano costs about $17.00 for a 1.25 lb bag. It is expensive but it’s also organic.

10-10-10 Fertilizers [2020]

10-10-10 Fertilizers for Yard and Gardens 2020

10-10-10 fertilizer is a non-organic or synthetic fertilizer with 10% nitrogen, 10% phosphorus and 10% potassium. It has a NPK value or grade of 10-10-10. It is considered a complete fertilizer because it contains all 3 nutrients that plants need to survive. 10-10-10 is considered a “balanced” fertilizer because it contains equal amounts of each nutrient.

10-10-10 Fertilizer Ingredients

The ingredients can vary depending on the manufacturer but it could contain ammonium nitrate, ammonium hydroxide, urea, phosphoric acid and potassium hydroxide. All of these chemicals can provide 10% nitrogen, 10% phosphorus and 10% potassium in a water soluble form.

How Does 10-10-10 Work

Nitrogen – is used by plants to create proteins which makeup the physical structure of plants or cellulose. The more nitrogen that is available for plants, the more growth in leaves, stems and stalks or trunks. Think of everything above the ground will grow more with nitrogen supplements. Roots are another story.

Too much nitrogen can cause some issues with plant growth, so don’t overdue it. Always follow the directions on the bag of fertilizer. Don’t over fertilize.

Phosphorus – is used by plants for root growth and fruit production and flowering. Carrots, beets, turnips and radishes like more phosphorus than nitrogen. A flower garden will do better with more phosphorus.

Potassium – is a nutrient that helps overall functions, health, immune system, photosynthesis, etc. A deficiency in potassium will result in the entire plant doing poorly.

Advantages of 10-10-10

The advantages of using a synthetic fertilizer like 10-10-10 is it’s easy to provide vital nutrients to plants in a fast acting form. You can see results in a few days. If your garden or shrubs needs a quick boost in spring, you can apply the fertilizer then. It works extremely well for grass lawns. You can green them up quickly with higher nitrogen fertilizers like 10-10-10 or 20-10-10.

You can also tailor the fertilizer for any specific plant. If your tomato plants need more phosphorus and potassium than nitrogen then you can buy 5-10-10. Or if you have root vegetables like radishes, turnips or beets then you might want more phosphorus than nitrogen.

10-10-10 is easy to apply. Just spread the granules and rake in or till for best results. Then water as normal. Reapply every 4-6 weeks.

10-10-10 fertilizer is available from many suppliers and is easily purchased in home improvement stores, nurseries and hardware stores plus online.

Disadvantages of 10-10-10

The main disadvantage of 10-10-10 is that you have to be careful handling it. It can be a dangerous chemical. It can burn the skin and irritate the nose and lungs. Only use as directed and keep away from pets and children.

Applying too much can harm plants. Since it is dissolved quickly and taken up by roots immediately, over fertilization is a concern. Chemical fertilizers release the nutrients all at once or in a very short time. It’s like a “burst” of food. Always apply on the conservative side than liberal.

Chemical fertilizers like 10-10-10 can get washed away into nearby waterways or land and cause harm if a heavy rainstorm hits the area.

Chemical fertilizers can also harm the natural ecosystem in the soil.

10-10-10 Fertilizer Formulations Liquid or Pellet

10-10-10 is available in pellet and liquid form. The solid or pellet form is the most common and is easy to handle and apply. It can be spread on top of the soil or mixed in with the soil. It dissolves very easily in water and will be taken up by plant roots quickly.

The liquid form of 10-10-10 is a concentrate and is mixed with water and then applied via a garden hose or a watering can. The liquid form works faster since it is already dissolved in water. You don’t have to worry about handling the fertilizer either like pellets. Just water your lawn or garden with the 10-10-10 liquid and you’re done. No pellets or residue left behind.

10-10-10 Fertilizer Uses

Lawns – grass benefits tremendously from nitrogen. It makes grass produce more foliage which makes a lawn plush and green. You can use 10-10-10 fertilizer on your lawn to green it up and make it grow faster. This is a well balanced fertilizer which will help the grass root and stay healthy. You could use a fertilizer with more nitrogen like 34-0-0 or 42-0-0. These are typical grass or lawn fertilizers. 34-0-0 is typically ammonium nitrate while 42-0-0 is urea fertilizer. These 2 fertilizers have the highest amount of nitrogen.

You can apply 10-10-10 every 4-6 weeks to maintain a healthy, green lawn.

Gardens – 10-10-10 is also a great balanced fertilizer for vegetable and flower gardens too. It will help plants grow healthy leaves, roots, flowers and fruit. It’s a great “all around” fertilizer. You can apply it every 4-6 weeks. Spread 10-10-10 pellets/granules on top of the soil or mix it in with the soil and then water as usual. Do not over fertilize in hopes of making everything grow faster.

Shrubs and Trees – 10-10-10 is also a great fertilizer for shrubs and trees. It will provide vital nutrients for growth and overall health. Just add about 2 – 2 1/2 cups per 4 feet of shrub and 2-4 cups per fruit tree monthly during the growing season.

When to Apply 10-10-10 Fertilizer

It is recommended to apply fertilizer when plants need it the most like sprouting and growing and fruit or flower production. You can apply it before you plant or after planting seeds. It will provide vital nutrients for young and growing plants. Vegetables will need extra nutrients when producing fruit also. Fertilize when flowers appear and after about every 4 weeks.

Do not fertilize during dry spells or droughts. Water is needed in order to make fertilizer available to roots.

How Often to Apply 10-10-10

Synthetic fertilizers rapidly release its nutrients in a short period of time unlike organic fertilizers such as compost or worm castings. Usually all of the nutrients are used up after 3-4 weeks. It’s a good idea to fertilize every 4 weeks. Always apply strictly as directed. Too much can harm plants. I like to under-fertilizer most of the time. I prefer to play it safe with non-organic fertilizers.

In a flower bed, you can apply 1 cup per 25 square feet every 3 months. In a vegetable garden, you can apply 1/2 cup per 25 feet every month.

Where to Buy 10-10-10

10-10-10 is very popular and you should be able to find it at your local nursery or home improvement stores. You can also buy it online at Walmart, Lowes, Home Depot and Amazon.

10-10-10 is sold in the solid/pellet form by the pound. It typically sells for about $5-$6/lb. A 5 lb bag will go a long way for vegetable and flower gardens since you will only use a 1/2 to 1 cup per 25 square feet monthly.

Common 10-10-10 Fertilizers Brands

  • Arizona’s Best 10-10-10
  • Vigoro
  • Southern Ag
  • Green View
  • Bonide
  • Lilly Miller
  • Espoma
  • Jobe’s Organics
  • Dr. Earth

Ammonium Nitrate Fertilizer 34-0-0 [2020]

Ammonium Nitrate Fertilizer 34-0-0 [2020]

Ammonium Nitrate is a super Nitrogen fertilizer with a NPK or Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium value of 34-0-0. It is all Nitrogen. It is the 2nd highest Nitrogen fertilizer available. It will increase a plants foliage tremendously as if it were on steroids. It’s also known as Ammonia Nitrate.

Ammonia Nitrate can transform your lawn from a patchy, sandy, weedy dirt pit into a first class putting green masterpiece. The high nitrogen content and it’s solubility make it a top foliage or leaf fertilizer. Top golf courses use a variation of ammonium nitrate. Nothing beats it for grass lawns.

What is Ammonium Nitrate?

Ammonium Nitrate is a compound formed when Ammonia Gas reacts with Nitric Acid. It produces a concentrated liquid which is then turned into pellets. The pellets are ideal for spreading on soil to fertilize. It’s chemical formula is NH4NO3.

Ammonium Nitrate contains 2 Nitrogen forms, 1 from Ammonia and 1 from Nitrate. Each has a different method of transportation and absorption. The Ammonia form of Nitrogen is taken up by roots and converted to Nitrogen by soil microbes. The Nitrate form of Nitrogen moves easily from soil water directly to plant roots for immediate use. It’s very effective and highly water soluble.

What is Ammonium Nitrate Used For?

Ammonium Nitrate is a fertilizer with high concentrations of Nitrogen, at 34%. The nutrient Nitrogen, is responsible for foliage growth in plants. If you want more leaves, stems, fruit, then fertilize with more Nitrogen. Ammonium Nitrate is the 2nd highest Nitrogen fertilizer you can buy next to Urea

Farmers are the biggest users of Ammonium Nitrate. It’s a very effective and cost efficient fertilizer that produces large, productive and healthy crops. It’s easy to apply via tractor or manually. Ammonium Nitrate is highly water soluble.

Ammonium Nitrate makes an excellent grass fertilizer. It produces a lush, green lawn with lots of foliage. If you want “golf course putting green” lawns, use a high nitrogen fertilizer like ammonium nitrate and urea. You will see results in a few days. It’s pretty amazing.

Anytime you want to increase foliage or the top part of a plant and not the roots, then apply a good high nitrogen fertilizer. Leafy vegetables like lettuce, collard greens, cabbage, celery, kale and spinach will all benefit from ammonia nitrate.

The following crops are frequently fertilized with ammonium nitrate.

  • Corn
  • Beets
  • Grasses
  • Oats
  • Rye
  • Barley
  • Potatoes
  • Sunflowers
  • Soybeans
  • Wheat
  • Rapeseed

How to Apply Ammonium Nitrate

Ammonium nitrate is usually in a pellet form to make it easier to spread with machinery or by hand. Pellets also dissolve easily when exposed to water. Ammonium nitrate is spread over the soil in the desired density, usually 2/3 to 1 cup of ammonium nitrate per 1000 square feet of soil. It is recommended to till the fertilizer into the soil or water thoroughly after applying. The nitrogen will be available to root systems very quickly.

Always wear gloves when handling ammonium nitrate to avoid burns. Keep it away form sparks, open flames and/or excessive heat. It will explode at 200 degrees F.

How Often to Apply Ammonium Nitrate

Ammonium nitrate’s nitrogen is only available for about 3-4 weeks. The nitrogen is pretty much depleted after that. Apply ammonium nitrate every month to sustain good nitrogen levels in the soil. Always follow the directions when applying.

Where is Buy Ammonium Nitrate Fertilizers

It is a little challenging to find straight Ammonium Nitrate fertilizers today. Since it is highly explosive and used to make bombs, most fertilizer producers are dropping it in favor of Urea. However, Phosagro does make an ammonium nitrate fertilizer.

Many fertilizer producers or manufacturers are adding phosphorus to Ammonia Nitrate in order to reduce the volatility [explosiveness] and enhance the nutrition. It then can become a 34-0-2 or 34-0-4 NPK fertilizer.

You can buy ammonium nitrate by looking for 34-0-0 fertilizer. This is ammonium nitrate. It’s usually labeled as a lawn fertilizer. Scotts Turf Builder Summer Lawn Food is a modified or enhanced ammonium nitrate, 34-0-2. Additives make it more stable. You can buy Scotts Turf Builder at any home improvement store like Lowes and Home Depot. It will fertilize for about 4-6 weeks.

Ammonium Nitrate Derivatives/Products

  • Scotts Turf Builder Lawn Food 34-0-4
  • Scotts Green Max Lawn Food 27-0-2
  • Twin Pine 34-0-0 Fertilizer
  • Scotts All Purpose Lawn Fertilizer 34-0-0

I wrote this post on other high nitrogen fertilizers.